Preparing a pet first aid kit.
Like their human owners, pets sometimes get sick. In many cases it is due to eating something that may seem fine to us, but could be poison to an animal. Here is a list of some items you should have in your pet first aid kit:
1. Syrup of Ipecac - ( 1 teaspoon per 10# dog to induce vomiting).
Poisons are best treated by early removal from the stomach. Exceptions are caustic or irritating materials that are ingested. A couple of common poisons seen by all veterinarians include rat poison and antifreeze. Ingestion of either one is an emergency. Causing your pet to vomit early will reduce serious consequences. Antifreeze is absorbed even through the oral cavity and is immediately in the system. Antifreeze ingestion needs immediate attention by a veterinarian.
2. Hydrogen Peroxide - This is a very good wound cleanser and will also induce vomiting if given orally. To induce vomiting give orally until vomiting occurs. This is a very safe product to use.
3. Activated Charcoal - Useful for poisons that are irritating and where there may be some absorption of the toxic material. Give orally to absorb the material.
4. Artificial Tears - Used to lubricate and reduce pain on eye injuries. Can also flush eyes profusely with water that you should also have in the kit.
5. 325mg BUFFERED Aspirin - (1 per 50 lbs 8-12 hour interval for sore muscles, pain). Not to be given without some thought. Vomiting animals will vomit more profusely. Cats are very sensitive to aspirin; this
drug should not be repeated more than once every 72 hours. Tylenol is poisonous to cats and can also cause problems with dogs.
6. 25 mg Diphenhydramine HCL (Benadryl) - Used for reducing reactions to allergies and insect bites.
7. Triple Antibiotic Ointment - Helps reduce or avoid infection and used with bandages will provide good protection of wounds.
8. Chlorhexidine - Antiseptic solution for cleaning/flushing wounds.
9. Scissors - This should be a heavy-duty serrated stainless steel type that can be used to cut metal, bandages, belts, wire and other entrapment apparatus.
10. Small Flashlight - Always invaluable.
11. Vaseline (Plain - Non-Medicated) - Useful for lubrication when passing a stomach tube and for wound dressing.
12. The name, address and phone number of both your veterinarian and an animal emergency hospital that is open appropriate hours.
13. First Aid Book see Dr. Randy Acker's book "Field Guide: Dog First Aid Emergency Care for the Hunting, Working, and Outdoor Dog"
In case of an emergency get to your vet, the local animal hospital or call
1-888-4 ANI-HELP (888-426-4435). For more information visit: www.aspca.org.